The latest related function inside the Syriac is the pael inactive participle, whose mode is mCaCCaC

(۱۲) In a number of NENA languages this new preterite of Group II verbs keeps a beneficial vocalism (m)CoCiC- otherwise (m)CuCiC- with no forerunner in the earlier dialects. Noldeke (1868, 213) recommended your modern means is actually linked to this new Hebrew pual. Examples: Aradhin mbusille ‘he cooked’ (Krotkoff 1982, 136), Tkhuma mso:re:li ‘I began’, Jilu +poltele ‘he grabbed it out’ (Fox 1992, 54). Variations with o or u is actually missing additional NENA and also in many of NENA languages: Hertevin, Sanandaj Christian, and you can Halabja: Halabja bqirraxun ‘you (pl.) asked’, Hertevin bqerre ‘he asked’ (Jastrow 1988, 206).

(۱۳) All round expose try designated by the a good prefix throughout NENA except Hertevin plus Mandaic plus in Turoyo. The new prefix takes certainly one of around three variations: (a) k- on the all verbs (cutting-edge in order to c- within the Urmi, extended to help you ko- ahead of consonants inside Turoyo, as well as in Zakho become g- in advance of a spoken phoneme); (b) k- but only into the a small class of verbs (with some voicing consumption and often almost every other alter also); otherwise (c) i- into every verbs.

Examples: (a) Zakho k-xaze ‘he sees’, g-emir ‘he says’ (Meehan and you may Alon 1979, 182), Urmi csader ‘he sends’ (Hetzron 1969, 115), Turoyo kohoze ‘he sees’, Tisqopa ksaqIl ‘he takes’ (Rubba, personal communication); (b) Halabja k-ImrIx-wa ‘we would say’, but doqIx-wa-ce ‘we manage observe it’, Azerbaijan k-xil ‘he eats, usually eat’, however, sate ‘he drinks, usually, will get drink’ (Garbell 1965, 66, 67); (c) Aradhin i-zare:la ‘he tills it’ (Krotkoff 1982, 70), Jilu we-napli baro ‘they pursue her’ (Fox 1992, 55).

The new k- prefix seems to be a success of your prefix qa- off BT, like in the fresh common qatane ‘he teaches’. elizabeth ‘stands’. In certain eastern languages the new shipping away from k- was limited to a tiny group of verbs (Garbell 1965, 65). In other people, it’s got vanished and you will been changed of the an alternative prefix we-, and therefore most likely started because a lower life expectancy sorts of we[Theta] ‘there is’.

Examples: Halabja geznawa ta knista ‘I would go to the newest synagogue’, Aradhin tla t-sapri ‘to wait’, Jilu zIlli l-yawa zuze tla weil kIcca ‘I went along to render money to help you a great girl’, Tisqopa [Theta]e:li ta di-mbaslan ‘I (fem

(۱۴) Brand new verb ‘give’ are yehav in BT, and you will yav into the Syriac. This has been remade throughout NENA languages from incorporation of following the l- ‘to’. The fresh new essential, which had been hav in Syriac and you can BT, are hal (Noldeke 1868, 256) in every NENA whereby You will find recommendations, but not inside Turoyo or Mandaic.

(۱۵) In all NENA, the fresh new only one imperative of qyama ‘get up’ has shed its last m: Aradhin qu (Krotkoff 1982, 145), Sanandaj Religious qu (Panoussi, 110). The brand new plural, yet not, retains the newest m.

(۱۶) In every NENA, the brand new essential of (i)zala ‘go’ are unpredictable: Aradhin si (Krotkoff 1982, 147), Sanandaj Christian say (Panoussi 119), Jilu se, Jewish Azerbaijani au moment ou (Garbell 1965, 285).

(۱۷) Round the NENA, many different terms and conditions can be used as the base to possess reflexive pronouns such as for example ‘myself’. He’s: ruh- inside the Hertevin as well as in Turoyo, nos- from the three easternmost Jewish dialects, and you may gyan- from the kept languages: Hertevin ruhan ‘ourselves’ (Jastrow 1988, 197), Zakho qtala gyane ‘beating himself’ (Meehan and you may Alon 1982, 181), Halabja nosan ‘ourselves’.

So it qa- try in itself a beneficial contraction out of qa?

(۱۸) Yet another preposition meaning ‘to’ or ‘for’ which takes the shape ta, tla, otherwise tla try common, even though perhaps not common, in the NENA, yet not utilized in Mandaic or Turoyo. ) found cook’ (Rubba, private interaction), Zakho cuxa la psIxle darga tale ‘no https://datingranking.net/tr/christian-cupid-inceleme/ you to definitely open the doorway so you’re able to him’ (Meehan and Alon 1979, 182).

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